One side visualizes the water footprint of selected nations, emphasizing the im- and export of virtual water. Water footprints were developed by the Water Footprint Network to assess the amount of water (in different types) that is consumed in producing food and other products. Water is a requirement for everyone such as washing, drinking, and bathing among many other needs. Detailed water footprint data as provided in this paper will help national governments understand to which extent the water footprint of national consumption relates to inefficient water use in production and to which extent it is inherent to the existing national consumption pattern. Only about 7 percent of the Chinese water footprint falls outside China. The Dutch water footprint related to the consumption of paper is significant if compared to the footprint related to the consumption of other products.

The other side shows the virtual water content of selected foods and commodities. There have been some claims that everyday paper products take excessive amounts of water to make. By reducing your personal water footprint, you reduce the rate at which agricultural areas are emptying their aquifers, underground water "batteries" that take hundreds and thousands of …

Three Components of Water Footprints. Paper’s water footprint is a lot lower than sometimes claimed. Besides, pulp and paper mills also contribute to water, land and air pollution. Water is used both domestically and for agriculture and industry in the production of everything from food to paper.

The exact amount depends on the sort and origin of the paper used for printing.

The water footprint of paper is estimated to constitute 8–11% of the total water footprint of Dutch consumption (Van Oel et al.

In this book about industrial water footprints, the creator of the concept – Arjen Hoekstra – discusses how freshwater is used to produce the goods and services consumed by individuals, communities and businesses. Fresh water is becoming an increasingly precious commodity, particularly to grow/feed the things we eat. Water Footprint Assignment A water footprint determines the individual utilization of water either directly or indirectly. Source: Water Footprint Water use is measured in water volume consumed (evaporated) and/or polluted per unit of time.

• The US water footprint is 2,500 m 3 per year per capita.

Paper Waste Roughly, 26% of solid waste dumped in dumping sites is discarded paper and paperboard. • Japan with a footprint of 1,150 m 3 per year per capita, has about 65 percent of its total water footprint outside the borders of the country. Through such actions, there occur direct consumptions in homes. The water footprint of printing and writing paper is estimated to be between 300 and 2600 m3/ton (2-13 litres for an A4 sheet). 2009).