Types of Models Used in Biomedical Research: Whole living animals (human and non-human) Living systems composed of samples from the original animal (i.e., tissue culture) Approximately 95 percent of allresearch animals in the United States are rats, mice, and other rodents bred specifically for laboratory research. Thus basic biomedical research affects clinical research and vice versa. Pre-clinical trials are an essential part of the biomedical research process because nothing can substitute for the complex functions of the whole, living organism. preventive measures ( e.g., vaccines, diet, or fluoridated toothpaste) Research on normal human functioning and development: studies of the human body while exercising, fasting, feeding, sleeping, or learning. responding to such things as stress or sensory stimulation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Biomedical research studies frequently involve the use of (1) a standard diagnostic procedure (e.g., nuclear medicine procedure, chest X-ray, CT, angiography) in a routine clinical manner and frequency for research subject screening and/or to evaluate a therapeutic response; or (2) a standard radiation therapy procedure indicated for medical management of the patient. Biomedical researchers supply many of the new ideas that can be translated into potential therapies and subsequently tested in clinical studies, while clinical researchers may suggest novel mechanisms of disease that can then be tested in basic studies using animal models. What are biomedical research methods?
Medical research is vital to learning how to identify, prevent, and treat various diseases. In fact, knowledge gained from biomedical research studies conducted over the last 100-plus years has greatly improved human health and life expectancy. An integrated approach using chemical, mathematical and computer simulations, in vitro tests, whole animal models, and human epidemiological studies and clinical trials is currently the best approach to advance science, develop new products and drugs, and treat, cure and prevent disease. Start studying Types of Biomedical Research.