Year-Round Research. There are currently 70 permanent research stations scattered across the continent of Antarctica, which represent 29 countries from every continent on Earth. Kalle Rieppola, Vaisala Field Service Engineer, who completed the installation, got to experience the constraints of working at one of the most remote locations in the world, first hand. Unlike the drifting ice stations set up in the Arctic, the research stations of the Antarctic are constructed either on rock or on ice that is (for practical purposes) fixed in place. A number of governments have set up permanent research stations in Antarctica and these bases are widely distributed. Together, these countries, or ‘signatories’ of the Antarctic Treaty, must ensure the preservation and wellbeing of the natural land, and to cooperate with their fellow explorers. As NASA scientists develop the equipment and protocols necessary to ensure that crewmembers remain healthy and productive on long-duration missions, the harsh environment of Antarctica provides an appropriate setting in which to conduct research. Antarctica is a cold and icy continent at the bottom of the world; however, many scientists and other people choose to live and work there in research stations. Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, driest continent on the planet, and researchers are still discovering many of its secrets. The AUTOSONDE Some 1,000 to 5,000 people are living at various research stations on Antarctica throughout the year. Brazilian researchers have continued to do research in Antarctica the past 8 years with the support of two Brazilian navy oceanographic research vessels and …