Quantitative research, on the other hand, is used to test hypothesis, to examine "cause and effect," and to make predictions (Xavier). Qualitative and quantitative research are the two main schools of research, and although they are often used in tandem, the benefits and disadvantages of each are hotly debated.  Quantitative vs. Qualitative Introduction Qualitative research is designed in general to try and understand and interpret social interactions, according to Xavier University. Qualitative data collected is represented in prose form, texts and words whereas quantitative research records its data in numerical form and statistics.an example in this cases would be when recording information in qualitative research the participants can give their opinions and ideas and hence represented as written text but in quantitative research the participants are limited to giving a … Quantitative vs Qualitative Research Design Essay 1657 Words | 7 Pages The foundational difference between the two methodologies of quantitative and qualitative research is that they stem from differing ideas on the nature of ‘reality’. Particularly in the social sciences, the merits of both qualitative and quantitative research are fought over, with intense views held on both sides of the argument.