poem, newspaper story, critical essay); also called “What, How, & Why Outlines Importance of Writing in the Science Classroom Mastery of scientific concepts is inextricably linked with effective communication. Novel experiments and new discoveries made by scientists reach the wider community and gain greater visibility through written documents in the scientific journals. Pro and Con Grid: Students list pros/cons, costs/benefits, advantages/disadvantages of an issue, question, or value of competing claims Content, Form, and Function Outlines: In an outline form, students analyze the “what” (content), “how” (form), and “why” (function) of a particular message (e.g.