Original Journal Article: A. Cózar et al. This is our main data entry on plastics, with a particular focus on its pollution of the environment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . Plastic waste takes a long time to degrade and contributes to air, water and soil pollution. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. Plastic pollution is a globally recognized problem and reached 322 million metric tonnes in 2016, excluding plastic fiber production. Effects of Plastic Pollution. ; The first synthetic plastic — Bakelite — was produced in 1907, marking the beginning of the global plastics industry. Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. Malaysia has become one of the world's biggest plastic importers, taking in rubbish the rest of the world doesn't want. July 15, 2014. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1314705111. The global plastic consumption throughout the globe was approximated at 260 million tons in 2008, and it was predicted to be more than 300 tons in 2015 – according to the Global Industry Analysts. The production of plastics has reached 8.5 million tons in 2013 with a growth rate of 8% over the previous five years. Read our COVID-19 research and news. The growth rate is expected to be 10% over the next five years . Plastic pollution, harmful accumulation of synthetic plastic products in the environment. ; A slide-deck summary of global plastics is available here.
Plastic pollution poses even greater impacts on the environment because of its widespread usage and its durability component. However, their excessive use leads to a large amount of plastic waste. In 2011, Malaysia introduced the No Plastic Bag Day program to discourage the use of plastic bags for carrying items purchased from shopping stores. Over 60 % of this production corresponds to plastic fibers.
The rest corresponds to cellulosic (6%) and natural fibers (27%). In the country, most of them use plastic bags as carrier bags. Plastic debris in the open ocean. During the same period, approximately 100 million metric tones of textile fibers were produced . Journals; Plastic Pollution. Plastics are persistent large-scale pollutants, and plastic debris (such as bottles, straws, containers, and plastic wrap) and particulates have been found in many environmental niches, from … We have also produced an FAQs on Plastics page which attempts to answer additional common questions on the topic. Plastic industry is one among the rapidly growing industries in India.