Quali-tative researchers generally adopt an individual phenomenological perspective. See later in this chapter.) Making connections: The relationship between epistemology and research methods Dawn Darlaston-Jones University of Notre Dame, Australia The ability to identify the relationship between the epistemological foundation of research and the methods employed in conducting it is critical in order for research to be truly meaningful.

The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories, and hypotheses pertaining to phenomena. Quantitative research, is defined as a the systematic investigation of phenomena by gathering quantifiable data and performing statistical, mathematical or computational techniques.
Qualitative research is a range of kinds of research, the common feature of which is reliance on unstructured data and on forms of data analysis that are non-numerical. MMR has become fashionable –… (It must be noted, however, that mixed methods (MM) can also be conducted within qualitative research itself when several approaches are employed.

Qualitative and quantitative research methods have philosophical roots in the naturalistic and the positivistic philosophies, respectively. The nature of mixed methods studies Mixed methods research (MMR) means the use of both qualitative and quantitative approaches in one empirical study. Quantitative research has been defined in many ways. Learn more about quantitative research methods along with types and examples, characteristics and advantages. This chapter reviews some of the major overarching philosophical approaches to qualitative inquiry and includes some historical background for each. Many study designs detailed in Chapter 2 reflect the philosophical roots of quantitative research, particularly those designed to zero in on causal inferences about intervention—the explanatory research designs. Philosophical assumptions of quantitative research Having briefly explored qualitative research, we can now turn our attention to the second major research paradigm – quantitative research. Quantitative Research Methods Quantitative means quantity which implies that there is something that can be counted.

Quantitative approaches are also used in descriptive and exploratory intervention and evaluation studies. In natural and social sciences, and maybe in other fields, quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical, or computational techniques. On the other hand, most quantitative research approaches,