John Stuart Mill was born in 1806, in London. Abstract. 6/John Stuart Mill Chapter 1 Introductory The subject of this Essay is not the so-called Liberty of the Will, so unfortunately opposed to the misnamed doctrine of Philosophical Ne-cessity; but Civil, or Social Liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by … J. S. Mill's book "Utilitarianism" is a classic exposition and defense of utilitarianism in ethics. He was the son of James Mill, a friend of Jeremy Bentham’s who shared many of his principles. The utilitarianism was originally writing by Jeremy Bentham and later redeveloped by John Stuart Mill. James intended that his son carry on the radical utilitarian empiricist tradition, and this was reflected in his upbringing: John learned Greek and arithmetic at 3, and helped to edit his father’s book (the History of India) at 11. Mill suggests standards for the relationship between authority and liberty.He emphasizes the importance of individuality, which he considers prerequisite to the higher pleasures—the summum bonum of utilitarianism. The essay first appeared as a series of three articles published in Fraser's Magazine in 1861; the articles were collected and reprinted as a single book in 1863. The definition of Utilitarianism is an ethical theory according to which the rightness and wrongness of acts depends entirely on facts about the maximization of overall well-being. John Stuart Mill defended utilitarianism; indeed, he was its leading defender in the Victorian era. Mill was also the advocate of a radical reform in British politics and society, and his proposals were all rooted in the Principle of Utility as he understood it. On Liberty is a philosophical essay by the English philosopher John Stuart Mill.Published in 1859, it applies Mill's ethical system of utilitarianism to society and state. John Stuart Mill was a famous philosopher and historian. Includes selections from Bentham and John Austin, the two thinkers who most influenced Mill. 1 The idea of utilitarianism has been advocated by John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham.Both thinkers base their theories of morality upon the Greatest Happiness Principle, or the principle of Utility.This principle is one that views actions as right and moral to the … Uses the 1871 edition of Utilitarianism, the last to be published in Mill's lifetime. Contains Mill's most famous and influential works, Utilitarianism and On Liberty as well as his important Essay on Bentham.