Each amino acid is attached to a tRNA molecule specific to that amino acid by a high-energy bond derived from ATP . The DNA sequence in genes is copied into a messenger RNA (mRNA). Introduction to Protein Synthesis. The mechanism by which a genetic message is translated from its nucleic acid form to its polypeptide product is protein synthesis. Introduction to Protein Synthesis A monomer is a molecule that can bind to other monomers to form a polymer. Introduction To Protein Synthesis Some of the worksheets for this concept are Protein synthesis work, Lecture 1 introduction to bioinformatics, 1 introduction to biochemistry reading assignment, Exercise 7 dna and protein synthesis, Name period date, Say it with dna protein synthesis work practice pays, Say it with dna, Flow of genetic information kit translation activity guide. The DNA sequence contains the instructions to place amino acids into a specific order. The number and order of the amino acids contained in a particular protein are prescribed by theDNAsequence of that protein’s gene. Amino acids are the monomers of a protein. One of the central tenets of biology, often referred to as the "central dogma," is that DNA is used to make RNA, which, in turn, is used to make protein. Ribosome. Ribosomes are the components of cells that make proteins from all amino acids. In protein synthesis as a chemical reaction: 1. Protiens are polymers of amino acids joined by peptide bonds (proteins are therefore also known as polypeptides).