The following Table 2 depicts the summary of the research from its purposes to data analysis. The questionnaire, interview and observation are the most commonly used tools in gathering data. An instrument is content valid when the items adequately reflect the process and content dimensions of the objectives of the instrument (Benson & Clark, 1982). In detailed, a specific research questions has been develop to answer the main research question. Creating a survey instrument whose results provide an organization with quality, accurate and actionable information to make sound business decisions, is more difficult than most people realize. This study is aimed at to contribute a detailed systematic review on research paradigms, sampling and instrument development issues in the field of business research.

This study has reconnoitered the levels of theory and their implications in Research design is an iterative process, therefore after the construction of the instrument, the researcher returns to the steps of topic, thesis, types of analysis, lit review, objectives & conceptualization to confirm that the appropriate instrument is being used They may design or specify installation, wiring and signal conditioning. Instrumentation engineers are responsible for integrating the sensors with the recorders, transmitters, displays or control systems, and producing the Piping and instrumentation diagram for the process. One of the core components of conducting research is your survey instrument.
/ Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 152 ( 2014 ) 1300 – 1308 Table 2. This finding as well as other research Again, the instrument should be distributed to a sample that is representative of the target group. ... 8.6 provides a summary of all the instrument pieces and provides examples of each decision that needs to be made in developing the instrumentation plan for a study. The instrumentation process defines what data need to be collected and the timing of the data collection process. Creating instrumentation plans for research studies. Designing and Developing the Survey Instrument O bservations of people who try to complete Web surveys suggest that two sources of significant frustration are lack of computer knowledge and poor questionnaire design (Dillman & Bowker, 2001). Instrument Development and Construct Validation Process: The Transformative Experience Questionnaire Kristin L. K. Koskey1, Toni A. Sondergeld2, Victoria C. Stewart3, and Kevin J. Pugh4 Abstract Onwuegbuzie and colleagues proposed the Instrument Development and Construct Validation This often leads to premature termination of the survey. Instrumentation is the process of constructing research instruments that could be used appropriately in gathering data on the study. 1303 Nornazira Suhairom et al.