The efficiency of HIV-1 transmission can be modulated by still other factors, including sexually transmitted diseases, particularly those that result in genital inflammation and ulcers, which can elevate HIV shedding into the genital tract and can increase infection susceptibility by two- to 11-fold (Galvin and Cohen 2004); pregnancy, during which a greater than twofold increase in HIV acquisition risk … Some people were infected with HIV after receiving a blood transfusion or organ transplant from an HIV-infected … Table 1 presents aspirational epidemic control goals in terms of HIV transmission and HIV mortality that are attainable using current prevention methods. HIV-1 is thought to have arisen from cross-species transmission of a chimpanzee virus to humans (5, 6) and HIV-2 from cross-species transmission of a Sooty mangabey virus .

28 Pandemic HIV-1 has diversified into at least nine subtypes (figures 1 and and2) 2) and … HIV is transfer mainly by having sex or distribution injection drug equipment, such as needles, with someone who has HIV. HIV mainly transmits through blood, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, semen.

Apply for and manage the VA benefits and services you’ve earned as a Veteran, Servicemember, or family member—like … Control of the HIV epidemic includes both primary prevention of HIV among those at risk of infection and treatment of persons living with HIV (PLWH) to prevent HIV-related mortality and reduce the risk of onward transmission. Three groups of …

These HIV-1 groups and HIV-2 probably result from distinct cross-species transmission events. Selected journal articles on HIV/AIDS from the VA National HIV Program website.