3.Technological Benefits 11. Sustainable Materials and Technologies (SM&T) is an international, cross-disciplinary journal, published by Elsevier. This initiative provides a conduit between the university and industry to facilitate cooperative research programs of mutual interest to support industry's green (sustainable) goals and efforts. Benefits• Green Manufacturing spins off a lot of research and development projects.• Each of these projects enhances our technology. Green manufacturing is the renewal of production processes and the establishment of environmentally-friendly operations within the manufacturing field. What is Green Manufacturing? Implementation• Production process here involves the product design and process design.• Waste reduction.• Recyclable materials should be used.• Reduce wastes in energy. Today, the manufacturing industry is aiming to improve competitiveness through the convergence with cutting-edge ICT technologies in order to secure a new growth engine. A review of the literature shows that a broad process frame of reference for Green HRM has yet to emerge. The Manufacturing Research Center (MRC) at Western Michigan University recieved nearly $1 million in federal funds (Department of Energy) to establish and develop a Green Manufacturing Initiative. In recent years research in the area of green manufacturing has extended into green supply chain management. Most of this research addresses issues related to evaluating current or potential suppliers’ environmental practices, the environmental/economic benefits and drawbacks of establishing a green supply chain, and reverse logistics.

As a result, this paper can be used by researchers who need to find out the impact of green marketing on customer satisfaction and environmental safety. Essentially, it is the “greening” of manufacturing, in which workers use fewer natural resources, reduce pollution and waste, recycle and reuse materials, and moderate emissions in their processes. Green HRM: A review, process model, and research agenda Summary There is a growing need for the integration of environmental management into Human Resource Management (HRM) – Green HRM – research practice.