Withdrawing the NFU policy and making a declaration to that effect can affect India’s status as a responsible nuclear power. Context: For the second time in the last decade, the Nobel Committee awarded its annual peace prize to the laudable goal of nuclear disarmament.This year’s recipient, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), has worked tirelessly to raise awareness of nuclear dangers. Latest Current Affairs in May, 2020 about Nuclear Disarmament. The Treaty was negotiated at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. The topic, ‘Non-Proliferation Treaty’ is important for IAS Exam as it comes under the section current affairs which is significant for civil services examination’s Mains GS-II (International Relations & Multilateral Agreements.) These are: Not to transfer Nuclear technology to others; No use of nuclear weapons against non nuclear countries; UN security cover to non nuclear States; Nuclear disarmament; Ban on the nuclear test
Established: 1979 Membership: 65 States Observers: 38 States (2017 session) Background. In addition with this in 1965, India with NAM countries proposed five points to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons to UN Disarmament commission. Further goals of the treaty also included to promote cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy and achieving complete nuclear disarmament. The CD was formed in 1979 as the single multilateral disarmament negotiation forum of the international community, after agreement was reached among Member States during the first special session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) devoted to disarmament (1978). Crisp news summaries and articles on current events about Nuclear Disarmament for IBPS, Banking, UPSC, Civil services. Why is the CTBT so important? Such a step will abrogate India’s commitment to the universal goal of nuclear disarmament and upset the regional balance in the sub-continent. Article for UPSC : There was a time when a nuclear India was grappling with the negative fallout stemming from Pokhran 22nd, international pressure was constantly mounting over her to end her defection from the rest of the world and join the extant nuclear regime, namely the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty [CTBT] and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty [NPT].
Why Nuclear Disarmament is Impossible ? Overview. The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is the Treaty banning all nuclear explosions – everywhere, by everyone. It opened for signature on 24 September 1996. The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. Nuclear Disarmament Essay - In today's world which is constantly haunted with fear of war, every nation is spending billions in maintaining an army, in furnishing it with up-to-date weapons, and in producing highly powerful and destructive armaments