It was heavily influenced by Darwin’s theory of evolution, suggesting that heredity, environment, and social conditions shaped human character.

Stories or novels that are written in the form of realism are material that a reader can really engage in and in some circumstances relate to. Literary realism existed, in some form, in England before the genre was fully defined.

Realism and naturalism are arguably very similar but as you take a deeper look they appear different. American Realism.

- Literary realism is the trend, beginning with mid nineteenth-century French literature and extending to late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century authors, toward depictions of contemporary life and society as it was, or is. . Literary realism is a trend that began in nineteenth century French literature. Realism became popular in the late 1800's to the early 1900's. Realism in literature is depicting contemporary life in literature; realism authors use everyday experiences in their writing as compared to the previous romantic style of writing which usually involved fiction. Realism is defined as an interest tin and emphasis on life as it is.

These writers sought to represent life without any type of exaggeration and attempted to write honestly about topics and themes. In literature this does not mean that writers copy what they see and hear. Originally published in the 1930s, these essays on realism, expressionism, and modernism in literature present Lukacs's side of the controversy among Marxist writers and critics now known as the Lukacs-Brecht debate. Writers of realism fill their work with facts to complement the readers’ feelings of the fact that these things can happen in their everyday lives. Naturalism In American Literature Essay Naturalism in American Literature 1865 –1900 Beginnings Naturalism evolved as an extreme form of Realism .

Realist authors such as Flaubert, Maupassant and Emile Zola depicted contemporary life and society, including everyday common duties in their stories. Realism in literature tends to be the plain and direct account of whatever is being written about.
Essays and criticism on American Realism - Critical Essays. Naturalism in literature is actually a branch of realism and is the belief that individuals behave in particular ways which work in accordance with nature.

Some critics credit the first British novelists, like Daniel Defoe and Samuel Richardson, as realists, because they wrote about issues related to the middle class.