Empiricism refers to derivation of knowledge from experience, usually by scientific inquiry, and the analytic tradition in philosophy gives careful attention to definitions of concepts and related dimensions of language. Analytical solutions without a theory. Empirical vs Non-Empirical Research.

Empirical and non-empirical research are common methods of systematic investigation employed by researchers. Intesive research, on the other hand, is abstract and theoretical. The basic types of research are as follows: 1. extensive research is empirical and concrete. The empirical approach relies on real-world data, metrics and results rather than theories and concepts. The major purpose of descriptive research is description of the state of affairs as it exists at present. Theoretical, based upon a hypothesis, that has been studied and analyzed, bases the proofs of suppositions upon the collection of empirical data. Unlike empirical research that tests hypotheses in order to arrive at valid research outcomes, non-empirical research theorizes the logical assumptions of research variables. Empirical research is research using empirical evidence.It is also a way of gaining knowledge by means of direct and indirect observation or experience. Definition of the population, behavior, or phenomena being studied. Empiricism values such research more than other kinds. Lesson 2: Empirical studies. Empirical studies are the collection and analysis of primary data based on direct observation or experiences in the ‘field’. The empirical analytic paradigm in curriculum studies derives from intellectual traditions of empiricism and philosophical or conceptual analysis. An empirical relationship is supported by confirmatory data irrespective of theoretical basis such as first principles. Descriptive vs. Analytical. Empirical analysis is an evidence-based approach to the study and interpretation of information. Sometimes theoretical explanations for what were initially empirical relationships are found, in which case the relationships are no longer considered empirical. Empirical evidence (the record of one's direct observations or experiences) can be analyzed quantitatively or qualitatively. Large samples are taken to capture variabilities. In social science and business research we quite often use the term Ex post facto research for descriptive research studies. Descriptive research includes surveys and fact-finding enquiries of different kinds. Quantitative and qualitative approaches are employed to collect data across a variety of study types, including empirical studies.