8.07 Deception in Research (a) Psychologists do not conduct a study involving deception unless they have determined that the use of deceptive techniques is justified by the study's significant prospective scientific, educational, or applied value and that effective …
The use of deception in research raises special ethical concern. For example, the particular psychological traits being studied are not disclosed, but a more general statement involving the investigation of personality traits is included in consent materials. National Academy of Engineering 500 Fifth Street, NW | Washington, DC 20001 | T. 202.334.3200 | F. 202.334.2290 Deception refers to the act—big or small, cruel or kind—of causing someone to believe something that is untrue. Types of deception include (i) deliberate misleading, e.g. This is where participants are misled or wrongly informed about the aims of the research. The use of deception must be justified by its potential scientific value to the research. using confederates, staged manipulations in field settings, deceptive instructions; (ii) deception by omission, e.g., failure to disclose full information about the study, or creating ambiguity. Deception is the act of misleading or wrongly informing someone about the true nature of a situation.
Points to Consider When Using Deception in Research. Present federal rules prohibit the use of deceptive techniques which place subjects at more than minimal risk. As in Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology (Howitt & Cramer, 2011), I believe that deception may be used, but the reason behind this should be revealed in the debriefing of participants.
1. For most studies, the informed consent policy is used - when not used, an ethical committee must approve that the deception does not cause harm or distrust of research. Any deception in research is inappropriate and takes advantage of the implicit trust and obedience given by the participants to the researcher. In general, deception is not acceptable if, in the When the participant volunteers to participate, their dignity must be preserved and should not be … Arguments against the use of deception in research.
Psychological studies involving deception in research studies have been especially controversial. However, employment of such strategies must be justified. Deception Deception. Deception continues to find its way into research designs: my content analyses of the frequency of deception in leading social psychology journals revealed its continued use within a significant number of studies of human behaviour (Kimmel, 2001, 2004).
4.2. 1 The debate regarding the ethics of the practice continues to this day. The IRB accepts the need for certain types of studies to employ strategies that include deception. One consideration is whether the deception is necessary. The problem with deception in psychological research is that even when researchers go into the project with the very best of intentions, there is some potential for harm to the patients. Definition: Deception occurs as the result of investigators providing false or incomplete information to participants for the purpose of misleading research subjects. In psychological research, deception is a highly debatable issue. It is often too difficult to find an alternative method of research that will not use demand characteristics to find results that are reliable and valid.
An investigator proposing to use deception should justify its use. Deception in research is one area where balancing the needs for statistical accuracy and validity against ethics is always a very difficult process.