Concerns over research practices at Alder Hey hospital related to consent rather than confidentiality,1 but they tarnished the overall reputation of research. Together, these guidance documents set out the GMC’s advice to doctors involved in research. Confidentiality is an important provision in a clinical trial agreement. Confidentiality covering clinical trials is important in the context of obtaining patent protection for an invention that is the subject of a clinical trial. Medical research has a long history in the United Kingdom and has generally enjoyed good public support. UCI Researchers – 2011 4 Certificate of Confidentiality (COC): A COC is issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to protect identifiable research information from forced disclosure (a subpoena). These … It’s a potentially divisive term for pharmaceutical companies (sponsor), principal investigators (PI) and institutions. Guidance note 3: Consent in research & confidentiality, 1st Mar 2018 (links updated March 2019) 4 This refers to Article 89(1) which outlines safeguards that are likely to be present in most scientific research already (see Introduction section).

research n Confidentiality: good practice in handling patient information,3 which gives guidance on research and other secondary uses of data, and n 0–18 years: guidance for all doctors, which gives additional advice on research involving children or young people. In almost all situations, research needs do not trump an individual's basic privacy rights. A researcher's obligation to protect confidentiality is higher than a clinician’s since research often does not provide benefit to the participant and provides no compelling reason to become involved in the research. This meets ethical expectations to promote the autonomy and privacy of research participants. Researchers take confidentiality seriously and few breaches have been recorded. Typically, from the sponsor’s perspective, it will want to: •Keep the information confidential for as long as possible. Historically, most research studies that have involved use of confidential patient information have sought consent from participants. It allows the investigator and others who have access to research records to refuse to disclose identifying Legally speaking, consent was obtained to avoid a breach of the common law duty of confidentiality, for participation in a drug trial, to remove and use human tissue samples, etc.