RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Association between smoking and chronic kidney disease: a case control study Rabi Yacoub1*, Habib Habib2, Ayham Lahdo4, Radwan Al Ali4, Leon Varjabedian1, George Atalla4, Nader Kassis Akl3, Saleem Aldakheel4, Saeed Alahdab4, Sami Albitar4 Abstract Background: The progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains one of the main challenges in clinical As well as their high prevalence of traditional CAD risk factors, such as diabetes and hypertension, persons with CKD are also exposed to other nontraditional, uremia-related cardiovascular disease risk factors, including inflammation, oxidative stress, and abnormal calcium-phosphorus metabolism. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Volume 19, Issue 5, Supplement, Pages S1-S36 (September 2009) Download full issue. Importance Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the 16th leading cause of years of life lost worldwide.

The following information was extracted from each article which met inclusion criteria: publication details, the study's definition of chronic kidney disease, method used to calculate eGFR or CrCl, minimum number of readings (i.e. It results from abnormalities in calcium, phosphorous, parathyroid hormone and/or vitamin D metabolism as well as abnormalities in bone turnover, mineralization, volume, linear growth or strength, in addition to vascular or other soft tissue … Select all / Deselect all. This acronym, initially promoted by the US-based National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) and later confirmed and extended by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) international guidelines , has the advantage that the same language is … Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) is a systemic dysfunction of mineral and bone metabolism in patients with CKD. Appropriate screening, diagnosis, and management by primary care clinicians are necessary to prevent adverse CKD-associated outcomes, including cardiovascular disease, end-stage kidney disease, and … readings of serum creatinine) and time between readings necessary to define chronic kidney disease, method used to determine proteinuria or albuminuria, if applicable, and … Download PDFs Export citations.

Previous vol/issue. Actions for selected articles. 73 m2, or markers of kidney damage, or both, of at least 3 months duration, regardless of the underlying cause. Dietary Management of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: Protein-Restricted Diets With Keto Acids/Amino Acids Fresenius Kabi. End-stage kidney disease and earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) represent one of the most dramatic examples of racial/ethnic disparities in health in our nation.

Next vol/issue. African Americans are 3 times more likely to require renal replacement therapy then their non-Hispanic white counterparts.